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Quit blaming police racism for lopsided outcomes. And fix those neighborhoods!
(#344, 12/3/19)

     Part I challenged the L.A. Times’ apparent conclusion that race and ethnicity drove officer decision-making practices during LAPD’s stop-and-frisk campaign. Let’s explore who got stopped and who got searched in greater detail.

Who got stopped?

     L.A. City is twenty-eight percent white. Yet as the Times noted, only eighteen percent of the 549,488 persons stopped during a ten-month period were white. On the other hand, Blacks, who comprise a mere nine percent of the city’s total population, figured in twenty-seven percent of stops. Proof positive of bias, right?

     Not so fast. L.A.’s communities are far from integrated. We coded a random sample of stops for location and identified 52 distinct neighborhoods. Armed with demographics, we compared again. Once location is factored in, the racial/ethnic makeup of those who were stopped closely corresponds with the demographics of the place where they were stopped. That’s what one would expect.

     Still, that doesn’t prove that bias didn’t play a role in targeting. For more insight about officer decisionmaking we focused on two data fields pertinent to the “why’s” of a stop: “traffic violation CJIS offense code” and “suspicion CJIS offense code.” (For a list of these Federally-standardized codes click here. ) Seventy-two percent of those stopped (n=396,032) were detained in connection with a traffic violation. Overall, the racial/ethnic distribution of this subset was virtually identical to that of the target area. We collapsed the ten most frequent violations into five categories. This graphic displays shares for each racial/ethnic group:

Keep going...


12/12/19 On December 10 self-styled “Black Hebrew Israelites” David Anderson and Francine Graham gunned down Jersey City police detective Joseph Seals, then stormed a Jewish market and engaged in a protracted firefight, killing three citizens and wounding two officers before police shot them dead. Anderson and Graham took an AR-15-style rifle, a shotgun and two 9mm. pistols into the store. A silencer-equipped weapon and a pipe bomb were found in their van. Anderson, an ex-con with prior arrests for weapons offenses, had apparently posted hateful messages on social media and mentioned past massacres. Related posts 1 2 3

12/12/19 Democratic and Republican lawmakers joined with Attorney General William Barr and British and Australian officials to demand that Internet portals build in “backdoors” that allow law enforcement agencies to intercept encrypted communications. But Facebook, which is planning end-to-end encryption, complained that doing so would make its system vulnerable and be “a gift to criminals, hackers and repressive regimes”. Related posts 1 2

12/12/19 A years -long investigation by the Justice Department I.G. revealed that FBI agents knowingly submitted deeply flawed information to gain court approval for a F.I.S.A. wiretap of Carter Page, a former C.I.A. source who was suspected of passing anti-Clinton materials from Russian intelligence to the Trump campaign. Related post

12/7/19 On December 4 Gabriel Romero, a sailor standing guard at Pearl Harbor, opened fire with his issued weapons, killing two and himself. Two days later, Saudi military student Mohammed Alshamrania used a pistol to kill three and wound eight at a Florida base. He was shot and killed by police. Romero was in trouble with the Navy and getting counseling. Alshamrania had reportedly posted hateful tweets and recently gathered friends to watch mass shooting videos. Related posts 1 2 3

12/6/19: Low- income New York City neighborhoods have seen a rise in gang shootings. One Queens neighborhood has suffered thirty-two shot and twelve killed to date, twice last year’s toll. Special police teams patrol hot spots, and “ neighborhood coordination officers” are contacting youth to prevent what violence they can. But guns are cheap and plentiful, and the warfare continues. Related posts 1 2

12/6/19: Usman Khan, 26, served eight years in a British prison for participating in a terrorist cell that planned to carry out attacks across England. During his term he supposedly reformed and, on release, became a role model for others. Considered thoroughly rehabilitated, he traveled unsupervised to a prison conference in London. That’s when he suddenly pulled a knife and began slashing, killing two and injuring three before he was shot dead by police. Related post

12/4/19 Thirty-six years after their imprisonment, Alfred Chestnut, Ransom Watkins and Andrew Stewart walked out of prison, once again free men. That’s how long it took before the Baltimore D.A. acknowledged that police and prosecutorial misconduct, including hiding exculpatory evidence and coercing young witnesses, led to their wrongful conviction in the murder of another teen. Authorities think they know who the real killer was, but he died years ago. Related posts 1 2

12/4/19 Oregon’s Supreme Court banned officers from going off-topic during routine traffic stops and questioning occupants about unrelated matters. In this case an officer who pulled over a car for failure to signal a turn asked for and received consent to search the vehicle, in which he found drugs. Decision Related post

12/4/19: Four years after the police killing of Laquan McDonald, an unarmed Black youth, led then -Mayor Rahm Emanuel to fire Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy, Chicago’s new Mayor, Lori Lightfoot fired the replacement Chief, Eddie Johnson, over “a series of ethical lapses.” Chief Johnson, who was found passed out in his car, had announced his retirement. Related posts 1 2

12/4/19: During the last four decades wage growth in major cities, including New York and Los Angeles, has stagnated for the lower classes while, thanks to the new technologies, zoomed upwards for the better-off. That, according to New York’s Federal Reserve Bank, has made New York City one of the “top 10 most unequal metropolitan areas in the country.” Related posts 1 2 3 4 5

12/3/19: Alabama jurors convicted former Montgomery police officer Aaron Smith of manslaughter for shooting and killing a pedestrian who fled from a stop-and-frisk encounter. During the chase Officer Smith repeatedly tased Greg Gunn, a 58-year old Black man, then repeatedly fired his gun because Gunn supposedly tried to hit him with a pole. Officer Smith had been charged with murder. Related posts 1 2

11/19/19 Social media posts including “kill all women” and “prowling the Seattle streets for women to assault” were enough for police to get a Red Flag order. But two weeks later a judge ordered the guns returned without a mental health check. Satisfied that these were just bad jokes for the man’s friends, he explained that the law did not let him “ give the benefit of the doubt” to police. Related posts 1 2

11/18/19 “The way it was used is racist.” Presidential contender Michael Bloomberg announced profound regrets for promoting NYPD’s stop-and-frisk campaign while he was the city’s mayor. Bloomberg says only a sliver of those stopped had guns and that the practice - which he claims to have wound down - led to estrangement from the Black and Latino communities. Related posts 1 2

11/15/19 Attorney General William Barr rolled out “Project Guardian,” an initiative that would enhance Federal-local efforts to tighten up gun background checks, target armed criminals and ensure that serious felons who get caught with guns are considered for Federal prosecution. Related post

11/15/19 A proposed Federal law would require Federal agents to get a warrant to use facial technology recognition to track a suspect for more than three days. It would not limit its typical current use, which is to make matches after-the-fact. Civil libertarians are demanding that this latter practice, which is now commonplace, face similar oversight. Related post

11/14/19 Two teens were killed and three others were wounded after a 16- year old student pulled a .45 caliber pistol from his backpack and opened fire at a suburban Los Angeles-area high school. Police later apprehended the gunman, who reportedly shot himself in the head. Related post

11/12/19 A military judge ruled that prosecutors misled defense attorneys for a Qaeda suspect awaiting trial in the bombing of the U.S.S. Cole. Their failure to provide accurate information about the man’s torture while in C.I.A. custody may threaten the admissibility of what the defendant later told FBI agents at Guantanamo. Related post

11/5/19 A New York Times investigation revealed that alcohol breath tests are under challenge across the U.S. Misconduct by operators, faulty technology and ill-maintained, uncalibrated devices are blamed for chronic inaccuracies. In New Jersey, 13,000 drivers were convicted with machines “that hadn’t been properly set up. ” Tens of thousands of like cases are pending elsewhere. Related posts 1 2 3

11/5/19 Chicago is reeling from yet more shootings in its supposedly improving “Little Village ” area, where a seven-year old trick-or-treater dolled up as Minnie Mouse was critically wounded on Halloween night by a 15-year old gang member who opened fire on rivals. An adult was also struck. Related post

11/2/19 Ex-Georgia cop Robert Olsen was sentenced to twelve years imprisonment on charges of aggravated assault and perjury for shooting and killing a mentally disturbed black vet who had stripped naked and was lying on the ground. Jurors found that Olsen, who is white, lied when he said that the victim ran at him and refused to stop. But they acquitted him of murder. Related posts 1 2

10/31/19 In Chicago, the International Association of Chiefs of Police assembled police leaders and family members to address police suicides. So far this year 188 officers committed suicide, a toll twice that of line-of-duty deaths. “Removing the stigma,” it was said, is key to solving the problem. Related post

10/26/19 Dick’s Sporting Goods sells guns. But it no longer sells assault-style weapons or high capacity magazines and requires all gun buyers to be at least 21. That decision was made by C.E.O. Ed Stack after the 2018 Parkland, Fla. high school massacre. He concedes these steps won’t eliminate all mass shootings. “But there will be less loss of life if an assault-style rifle isn’t used. And if we do all those things and we save one life, in my mind it’s all worth it.” Related posts 1 2 3

10/25/19 Undercover California state agents regularly watch California residents acquire California-illegal assault rifles at gun shows in Arizona and Nevada. Buyers are tailed when they return to California, where they are stopped. “The... problem is that California has a 608-mile border with Nevada...and Nevada’s gun regulations are less stringent,” a prosecutor said. Related posts 1 2 3

10/24/19 At the urging of Attorney General William Barr, in December 2019 the FBI will host a national training session for preventing mass shootings. Local and state agencies will be exposed to “proven models” drawn from the war against terror; for example, identifying dangerous, “extremely challenging individuals” and compelling to undergo mental health treatment before they strike. Related posts 1 2 3 4

10/16/19 Two years ago Jackson Co. (MO) deputy Lauren Michael was awarded a Medal of Valor after shooting and killing an ex-con shoplifter who allegedly Tasered her during an arrest. This past August she shot and wounded a traffic violator who ran off after - again - allegedly Tasering the deputy. This time Deputy Michael was charged with “felony assault and armed criminal action.” Related posts 1 2

10/14/19 Summoned by a neighbor who reported an open front door, two Fort Worth officers arrived at a residence during the early morning hours. One officer saw a woman standing inside. He yelled for her to show her hands, then fired a single shot, killing the woman, the home’s lawful resident. She was reportedly playing video games and came to the window because of the commotion. Related posts 1 2 3

10/13/19 A 66-year old man with “anger management issues” shot and killed five other residents of the condo complex where he had long resided. According to police most of the other tenants “have had problems with him,” from being accused of “making too much noise to exchanging dirty looks to bumping into each other in the stairwell.” Related post

10/13/19 A shooting at an unsanctioned “social club” in Brooklyn’s economically-challenged Crown Heights neighborhood (poverty level 24.3 pct) left four dead and three wounded. A July shooting in Brooklyn killed one and wounded eleven. Patrolled by NYPD’s 77th. Precinct, Crown Heights has experienced an increase in murder, from one to date in 2018 to nine so far this year. Related posts 1 2 3

10/12/19 California Governor Gavin Newsom (Jerry Brown’s successor) signed a bill that adds “teachers, school administrators, employers and co-workers” to the list of those who can petition courts that guns be seized. Related post

10/10/19 Wisonsin’s Supreme Court turned away a lawsuit against Armslist, an online website that puts together private gun sellers and gun buyers, for facilitating a gun purchase by Daniel Haughton, whom a restraining order had made ineligible to buy a gun under state law. In 2013 Haughton used a gun he got through the service to murder his wife and two of her coworkers. Related posts 1 2

10/10/19 MGM, the owner of the hotel that was the site of the October 2017 Las Vegas massacre, has agreed to pay up to $800 million to settle lawsuits alleging that it negligently failed to keep the shooter, Stephen Paddock, from stocking his room full of weapons and ammunition. Related post

10/6/19 A thirty-seven year old man flew to Florida from Norway. He banged on a front door, and when it was answered jumped out from the bushes. Meant as a birthday surprise, his actions startled his father-in-law, who shot him dead. Related posts 1 2

10/6/19 A Los Angeles Times investigation blames largescale gun smuggling from the U.S. for “stoking a homicide epidemic in Mexico.” According to ATF, seventy percent of the 132,823 guns recovered in Mexico between 2009 and 2018 came from the U.S., mainly border states in the southwest. Most smuggled guns - one estimate says more than 750,000 firearms went South in just two years - are reportedly acquired from U.S. gun dealers and at gun shows by straw buyers. Related posts 1 2

10/4/19 Facebook already encrypts WhatsApp. Now it’s planning end-to-end encryption for WhatsApp, Messenger and other services, placing content out of even Facebook’s reach. These services are being used to exploit children, and have appeal to criminals and terrorists. Law enforcement is demanding a “back door,” which Facebook and privacy experts strongly oppose. Related posts 1 2

10/3/19 Jurors convicted former Dallas police officer Amber Guyger of the most serious charge, murder. Then, after a hearing in which witnesses were called, they sentenced her to ten years. Returning home after a shift, officer Guyger had mistakenly entered the wrong apartment, then shot and killed its occupant thinking that he posed a threat. Under Texas law, Officer Guyger, who faced a prison term of five to ninety-nine years, elected to be sentenced by the jury. Related post

9/30/19 Participants at an NAS symposium on human rights sounded a cautionary note about artificial intelligence, whose misuse can worsen inequality and bias. For example, San Francisco  banned the use of facial recognition technology because it is “demonstrably biased against minorities.” Related post

9/30/19 NYPD officer Brian Mulkeen was accidentally shot and killed by other officers after he fired at an armed felon whom he encountered at a crime-ridden housing project in the Bronx. Although overall crime in New York City is down, the area, patrolled by the 47th. Precinct, had ten shootings to date in 2018 but fifteen so far this year. Related posts 1 2 3 4

9/29/19 An internal, multi-year review by State Dept. investigators has determined that more than one-hundred agency officials sent emails containing classified information to Clinton’s private server. While a former executive calls the inquiry a witch hunt, the agents insist that their effort is not intended to punish anyone and only took this long because of its massive nature. Related post

9/25/19 Suicide rates are climbing in the military services. In the Navy, three off-base suicides by members of the same crew in five days - with two confirmed by gun - raised the number of suicides for their vessel to five in two years. According to the Defense Department, the annual suicide rate of service members is 20.1/1000,000, considerably higher than the civilian toll of 14/100,000. Related post

9/23/19 Illinois’ red flag law, which authorizes judges, acting on petitions filed by family members and police, to order that guns be confiscated for up to six months, has been used 41 times since its enactment on January 1. According to an Illinois gun-control group the law is a valuable “public health tool.” But some major cities, including the state capital, Springfield, are yet to use it once. Related posts 1 2

9/20/19 According to Colt Firearms, “a pretty sharp decline in rifle sales” and a “significant inventory buildup by our distributors” has led it to suspend production of civilian versions of the AR-15. Colt will focus on police and military orders, which, it says, are “absorbing all of Colt’s manufacturing capacity for rifles.” Related posts 1 2

9/18/19 For more than two months, the sister of NYPD’s ninth officer to commit suicide this year reportedly pleaded with his supervisors to take his gun away. NYPD is expanding its anti-suicide efforts, but other agencies such as LAPD have long fielded mental health units with suicide prevention as an explicit mission. Overcoming officer reluctance to seek help is always a problem. Related post

9/18/19 At UC Santa Cruz, Dr. Ed Green, a paleogeneticist, reportedly developed a way to collect an individual’s full nuclear DNA sequence from a single strand of hair, an accomplishment that previously required having the root. A highly expensive process, it’s been used for more than a year to develop leads in cold-case murders by submitting profiles to DNA databanks. Related posts 1 2 3

9/17/19 Three Palm-Springs area high school students were arrested for posting terrorist threats to shoot up their high school. Police seized two handguns and a replica AR-15. “There’s no real way to tell this is a fake weapon without actually having it in your hands,” said a detective. “This could have ended in a deadly confrontation.” Related post


Middle bar13

Accusations of biased policing
derail a stop-and-frisk campaign

(#343, 11/12/19)

Police love Rapid DNA and facial recognition but hate encryption. Privacy advocates beg to differ.

(#342, 10/18/19)

Extraordinary measures beget extraordinary consequences

(#341, 9/28/19)

Despite redevelopment, South Bend's poverty and crime remain locked in an embrace
(#340, 9/13/19)

Doing right by the public might
mean doing wrong to the cop
(#339, 8/27/19)

Stop with the tangential!
Gun lethality is, first and foremost,
about the projectile
(#338, 8/12/19)

When it comes to crime, it's neighborhoods that count
(#337, 8/2/19)

Street gangs and officer cliques have a lot in common (#336, 7/20/19)

Decriminalizing illegal immigration would have serious consequences (#335, 7/1/19)

An epidemic of officer suicide raises the question: do guns cause violence? (#334, 6/22/19)

Accurate information can provoke lethal errors (#333, 5/5/19)

Inner-city violence calls for a lot more than cops. Is America up to the task? (#332, 4/13/19)

Numbers-driven policing can’t help but offend. What are the options? (#331, 3/27/19)

As good guys and bad ramp up their arsenals, the margin of error disappears (#330, 3/4/19)

Lapses in policing lead to chronic rulemaking. Does it hit the mark? (#329, 2/15/19)

Building cases with circumstantial evidence calls for exquisite care (#328, 1/26/19)

Ideological quarrels drown out straight talk about border security (#327, 1/14/19)

To improve police practices, look to the workplace (#326, 1/3/19)

Preventing more than suicide may carry serious risks (#325, 12/5/18)

California’s Guv nixes expanded authority to seize guns from their owners (#324, 11/21/18)

With gun control a no-go, early intervention is key. Might artificial intelligence help? (#323, 11/4/18)

A self-professed “sleeper agent” is (legally) flimflammed by the FBI
(#322, 10/21/18)

Laws, policies and politics clash with the messiness of policing
(#321, 10/8/18)

Acting swiftly can save lives. And take them, too. (#320, 9/23/18)

Bail obviously disadvantages the poor. What are the alternatives? (#319, 9/4/18)

Surprise! A well-known terrorist winds up in the U.S. as a refugee
(#318, 8/18/18)

Cops can’t fix what ails America’s inner cities - and shouldn’t try
(#317, 8/4/18)

Bedeviled by scolding, cops hold back. What happens then?
(#316, 7/22/18)

Recent tragedies bring into question the wisdom of small agencies
(#315, 7/6/18)

The New York Times affirms its liberal creds. And falls into
a rabbit hole.
(#314, 6/24/18)

Murder clearances have declined. Should we worry? (#313, 6/9/18)

Inmates are “realigned” from state to county supervision. Then a cop
gets killed.
(#312, 5/21/18)

Police scour DNA databanks for the kin of unidentified suspects
(#311, 5/6/18)

Sometimes split-second decisions are right, even when they're wrong
(#310, 4/18/18)

Keep going...


With gun control a no-go, early intervention is key. Might artificial intelligence help?

Inner-city violence calls for a lot more than cops. Is America up to the task? (4/3/19)

Crime happens. To find out why,
look to where.

Grievous police blunders keep costing citizen lives. Why? (8/1/17)

Acting swiftly can save lives. And take them, too.

Is society powerless in the face of mass shootings? (8/8/10)

The presence of guns can instigate violence (3/9/08)

Apple extends posthumous protections to a dead terrorist’s
cell phone

As good guys and bad ramp up their arsenals, the margin of error disappears (3/4/19)

Keep going...


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